Subcultural Theory: The Basics. Cross-cultural communication is a field of study that explores how different cultures communicate. Cultures within the United States that are more accepting of different sex, sexuality, and sexual deviance. Deviance can vary dramatically across cultures. Some of the different deviances that our culture encounters is: body modifications, being overweight, exc. In examining the history of drug use, moral panics, and legislative acts, the term “drug” has transformed and been constructed for different audiences, purposes, and uses throughout history. The definition of deviance varies widely across cultures, time, and situations. Cultural Deviance Theory: Definition & Examples ... For example, he believed that deviance can actually bring people together in a society. Various communities in different historical ages may have separate views on what makes or does not make-up deviance. For example, killing a human behavior is morally known to be wrong almost universally. Cultural Deviance Theory. You can say that a murderer or child molester is deviant regarding American culture - and many others as well. Deviance: Changing Concept, Elements and Forms of Deviance! Micro-cultures in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and New York have the more accepting cultures in the United States. Therefore, typically the concept is dependent on the situation within which it occurs and the context that deviance takes place. Deviance is directly related to social order and control, i.e., how it is structured and how its moral, economic and political interests are protected. Deviance is a behavior, trait, belief, or other characteristic that violates a norm and causes a negative reaction in a group. Take American culture. Most deviant behaviour will attract disapproval from others in the society or punishment from authorities. When a society functions in an orderly way, most people will … Examples of informal deviance include picking one’s nose, belching loudly, or standing unnecessarily close to another person. Cohen focused on the school as a tool of lower class failure. This kind of deviance is picked up by the media, and projected on a world stage in the name of news, and appeals to the world’s sense of equality and liberalism. There are many different types of deviance such as addiction, mental illness, alcoholism, criminality and homosexuality. ... At every step of life, (school, work, community) they are judged by members of the middle-class who have different cultural standards. Subcultural theorists argue that deviance is the result of whole groups breaking off from society who have deviant values (subcultures) and deviance is a result of these individuals conforming to the values and norms of the subculture to which they belong. Other examples can include deviance in art, for example when the Dada art movement started in the early 20th century it was considered deviant - that is different from the norms of art up to that point. Examples of this have been seen with public displays of homosexuality in countries where homosexual marriage is illegal, or disallowed. Cultural norms are relative, which makes deviant behavior relative as well. Communication can be verbal or nonverbal but cross-cultural communication and deviance typically cross roads with nonverbal communication. Whether we see these norms and practices as bad or good, it is always important to respect other cultures customs. A Subculture is a group that has values that are different to the mainstream culture. This can be different throughout the world because some cultures have very different norms (Stephens and Leach, 1998:17). 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