The majority of known fungi belong to the Phylum Ascomycota, which is characterized by the formation of an ascus (plural, asci), a sac-like structure that contains haploid ascospores. Thallus is white cottony, much branched mycelium. on the right is a photo of the mold. Black mold lives by dissolving the bread and absorb the nutrition. Diagram the life cycle of Rhizopus c. Determine the ploidy of the following Rhizopus structures: i. Mycelium hyphae. This mold gets its nutrients by using enzymes to extract the nutrients from the site it resides on. It is also referred as R. stolonifer. It is of the phylum Zygomycota of the Kingdom Fungi. Black bread mold Scientific classification; Kingdom: Fungi. You may have experienced black mold on bread. Although black bread molds are probably the best-known members of Phylum Zygomycota, they are not the only fungi that grow on bread.So many organisms can, in fact, contribute to bread spoilage that nearly all commercially baked goods have, in the past, had chemicals such as calcium propionate added to the dough to prevent or retard the growth of such organisms. Several species, including Rhizopus stolonifer (the common bread mold), have industrial importance, and a number are … Black bread mold is also called ergot. a. Classify to phylum. ii. b. Zygomycota: The Conjugated Fungi. Rhizopus, or bread mold, has branching life cycles depending on whether it was produced sexually or asexually. Genus: Rhizopus. The scientific name for black bread mold is Rhizopus stolonifer. This mold is a common type of fungus which tends to grow on bread. Zygospores are fungal seeds that are made from sexual reproduction, a notable feature of bread mold's group, the Zygomycota. (credit b: modification of work by “polandeze”/Flickr) Ascomycota: The Sac Fungi. In asexual reproduction, the mold makes spores inside a sporangium. Rhizopus stolonifer is also known as black bread mold. The other kind of spores is called sporangiospores. Observe black bread mold, Rhizopus, (sexual or with zygospores). This species of mold can also grow on fruits which cause the fruits to rot. It comes from the species Rhizopus stolonifer, and it is one of the most common molds on bread. Black bread mold Introduction[8] Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Zygomycota Class: Zygomycetes Order: Mucorales Family: Mucoraceae Genus: Rhizopus Species: R. stolonifer. The Black bread mold, Rhizopus stolonifer, is a common type of fungus. What is it? Label the following on the figure below: hyphae, zygosporangium w/zygospores, suspensor cells, ploidy. Division: Zygomycota. Niche. 2. The (b) tips of bread mold are the spore-containing sporangia. R. stolonifer, commonly known as black bread mold, is a saprophytic zygomycete that feeds on bread, jams, pickles, cheese, and other moist food. Before learning the specifics, click here to view how Rhizopus stolonifer, as a member of the phylum Zygomycota, compares to other phylum within the kingdom of Fungi. Rhizopus, cosmopolitan genus of some 10 species of filamentous fungi in the family Rhizopodaceae (formerly Mucoraceae), in the order Mucorales. Among other mold species, black mold has the fastest growth. Rhizopus stolonifer: morphology and reproduction of black bread mold. It uses nutrients in the bread for its growth, and can reproduce by asexual or sexual reproduction method. Also known as black bread mold. The surrounding condition in which the mold resides, is the factor that causes either type of reproduction by the mold. Mycelium is differen­tiated into nodes and internodes. It grows and reproduces the same way that most molds do. ... 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black bread mold phylum

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