Tanganyika. [85], Lake Tanganyika supports a major fishery, which, depending on source, provides 25–40%[86] or c. 60% of the animal protein in the diet of the people living in the region. From Limnology to Fisheries: Lake Tanganyika and Other Large Lakes. multipunctatus. This is correlating with less productivity in the lake. [79][80], Among Rift Valley lakes, Lake Tanganyika far surpasses all others in terms of crustacean and freshwater snail richness (both in total number of species and number of endemics). They located it while searching for the source of the Nile River. [12][20], Lake Tanganyika and associated wetlands are home to Nile crocodiles (including famous giant Gustave), Zambian hinged terrapins, serrated hinged terrapins, and pan hinged terrapins (last species not in the lake itself, but in adjacent lagoons). [15][87] In 2016, it was estimated that the total catch was up to 200,000 tonnes. Hutter; Yongqi; and Chubarenko (2011). Description of the area surrounding the biotope: Lake Tanganyika is located in East Africa in the area of the Great African Trench between the states of Burundi, Congo, Tanzania and Zambia. [68] Many of the snails are unusual for species living in freshwater in having noticeably thickened shells and/or distinct sculpture, features more commonly seen in marine snails. The lake is situated within the Western Rift of the Great Rift Valley and is confined by the mountainous walls of the valley. Springer. [37] No Tanganyika cichlids are truly pelagic and offshore, except for some of the piscivorous Bathybates. Hist. Road map of Lake Tanganyika, Africa shows where the location is placed. "Genetic and Morphological Evidence Implies Existence of Two Sympatric Species in Cyathopharynx furcifer (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika", "A tribal level phylogeny of Lake Tanganyika cichlid fishes based on a genomic multi-marker approach", "Process and pattern in cichlid radiations – inferences for understanding unusually high rates of evolutionary diversification", "Evolutionary History of Lake Tanganyika's Predatory Deepwater Cichlids", "Lake Tanganyika—A 'Melting Pot' of Ancient and Young Cichlid Lineages (Teleostei: Cichlidae)? Lake Tanganyika is one of the African Great Lakes. Loiselle, Paul (1994). It is now made operational with the headquaters to be hosted by Republic of Burundi in Bujumbura. Kigoma is a town and lake port in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi. (1992). With a depth of 1,470 meters (4,820 feet), it is the second deepest lake in the world, after Lake Baikal.It’s also the world’s second largest freshwater lake by volume. It flows about 250 miles (450 km) in a northeast, southeast, and west circular course through extensive swamps to exit through highland country back to the [citation needed], Lake Tanganyika fish can be found exported throughout East Africa. Lake Malawi, also known as Lake Nyasa in Tanzania and Lago Niassa in Mozambique, is an African Great Lake and the southernmost lake in the East African Rift system, located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.. A revision of the freshwater crabs of Lake Kivu, East Africa. DMS (degrees, minutes and seconds) format. [67], Among the non-endemic fish, some are widespread African species but several are only shared with the Malagarasi and Congo River basins, such as the Congo bichir (Polypterus congicus), goliath tigerfish (Hydrocynus goliath), Citharinus citharus, six-banded distichodus (Distichodus sexfasciatus) and mbu puffer (Tetraodon mbu). 213–214. [16] As a consequence of the stratification, the deep sections contain "fossil water". Lake Tanganyika Resort is situated on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. [93], It therefore became essential for the Allied forces to gain control of the lake themselves. The Lake Tanganyika Authority (LTA) was launched in December 2008 with the mandate to safeguard the lake and its natural resources. [90], There are many methods in which the native people of the area were fishing. Physics of Lakes, volume 1: Foundation of the Mathematical and Physical Background. [38] Among the endemic species are two of the world's smallest cichlids, Neolamprologus multifasciatus and N. similis (both shell dwellers) at up to 4–5 cm (1.6–2.0 in),[39][40] and one of the largest, the giant cichlid (Boulengerochromis microlepis) at up to 90 cm (3.0 ft). Lake Tanganyika Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Kigoma, Tanzania. Florida Mus. [15], The lake is stratified and seasonal mixing generally does not extend beyond depths of 150 m (490 ft). [37] The four lates, all endemic to Tanganyika, have been overfished and larger individuals are rare today. The lake is divided between 4 countries: Tanzania, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi and Zambia, with Tanzania (46%) and DRC (40%), having most of the lake. The lake covers 32,900 km², with a shoreline of 1,828km and a mean depth of 570 m and a maximum depth of 1,470 m (4,823 ft) (in the nor… [12] A similar pattern can be seen in the electric conductivity, ranging from about 670 μS/cm in the upper part to 690 μS/cm in the deepest. Lake Tanganyika is a Great Lake in east africa. [13] At depths greater than 400 m (1,300 ft), the temperature is very stable at 23.1–23.4 °C (73.6–74.1 °F). Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia. Coordinates United Republic of ... Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. The southerly winds are slowing down which limits the ability for the mixing of nutrients. Aquarium Fish. The waters of the lake are fed by a few rivers like the Lukuga River, the Ruzizi River, the Malagarasi River, etc. British explorers Richard Burton and John Speke were [78] Among these, Limnocaridina iridinae lives inside the mantle cavity of the unionid mussel Pleiodon spekei, making it one of only two known commensal species of freshwater shrimp (the other is the sponge-living Caridina spongicola from Lake Towuti, Indonesia). It is the deepest lake in Africa and holds the greatest volume of fresh water, accounting for 18% of the world's available fresh water. 02/02/07; Northern Province; 230,000 ha; 08°31'S 030°53'E. The latitude of Lake Malawi, Africa is -12.183333, and the longitude is 34.366669.Lake Malawi, Africa is located at Tanzania country in the Lakes place category with the gps coordinates of 12° 10' 59.9988'' S and 34° 22' 0.0084'' E. [93], In 1965 Argentinian revolutionary Che Guevara used the western shores of Lake Tanganyika as a training camp for guerrilla forces in the Congo. Description of the area surrounding the biotope: Lake Tanganyika is located in East Africa in the area of the Great African Trench between the states of Burundi, Congo, Tanzania and Zambia. It is the deepest lake in Africa and holds the greatest volume of fresh water, accounting for 16% of the world's available fresh water. [citation needed]. Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika are part of a series of lakes (The African Great Lakes) that constitute part of the Rift Valley lakes and the East African Rift. [7], The catchment area of the lake is 231,000 km2 (89,000 sq mi). Smith, M.P. One. The name "Tanganyika" apparently refers to "the great lake spreading out like a plain", or "plain-like lake". The two boats waited until December 1915, and mounted a surprise attack on the Germans, with the capture of the gunboat Kingani. He noted the name "Liemba" for its southern part, a word probably from the Fipa language, and in 1927 this was chosen as the new name for the conquered German First World War ship Graf von Götzen which is still serving the lake up to the present time.[92]. [37] Two additional lates are found in the lake, the Tanganyika lates (L. angustifrons) and bigeye lates (L. mariae), but both these are primarily benthic hunters, although they also may move into open waters. Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake.It is estimated to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume, and the second deepest, after Lake Baikal in Siberia; [3] it is also the world's longest freshwater lake. [18][64][65] The facultative brood parasites often lay their eggs synchronously with mouthbroding cichlids. Latitude and longitude coordinates are: -6.500000, 29.833332. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of East Africa. Lake Victoria is the third-largest fresh water lake in the world by area, and Lake Tanganyika is the world’s second-largest freshwater lake by volume and depth. It drains into the Congo River system and ultimately into the Atlantic Ocean. It is estimated to be the second largest lake in the world by volume, and the second deepest, in both cases after Lake Baikal in Siberia. Lake Chad's volume of 72 km 3 (17 cu mi) is very small relative to that of Lake Tanganyika (18,900 km 3 (4,500 cu mi)), and Lake Victoria (2,750 km 3 (660 cu mi)), African lakes with similar surface areas. Tanganyika is considered to be one of the oldest lakes on out planet and also one of the most spectacular ones, situated in the Albertine Rift, among beautiful unspoiled nature. Some geographical variations are seen in this limit, but it is typically at depths around 100 m (330 ft) in the northern part of the lake and 240–250 m (790–820 ft) in the south. Due to the lake's tropical location, it has a high rate of evaporation. [4] The lake is shared between four countries – Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Burundi, and Zambia, with Tanzania (46%) and DRC (40%) possessing the majority of the lake. With the aid of the Graf Goetzen (named after Count Gustav Adolf Graf von Götzen, the former governor of German East Africa), the Germans had complete control of the lake in the early stages of the war. [30] All Tanganyika cichlids are in the subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae. "Description of three new species of Potamonautes MacLeay, 1838 from the Lake Victoria region in southern Uganda, East Africa (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae)", "Global warming is killing off tropical lake fish – Study of Lake Tanganyika", "Decline of fishing in Lake Tanganyika 'due to warming, "Railways Africa – Extending beyond Chipata", "DR Congo: Many dead after ferry sinks on Lake Tanganyika", "The iTaukei Chief: Value and Alterity in Verata", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Democratic Republic of Congo Waterways Assessment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Tanganyika&oldid=1000040445, Lakes of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecoregions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi–Democratic Republic of the Congo border, Democratic Republic of the Congo–Tanzania border, Democratic Republic of the Congo–Zambia border, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cichlid tribes in Lake Tanganyika (E = tribe endemic or near-endemic), This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 06:41. 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